+++ WEB DESIGN UPDATE.
– Volume 14, Issue 52, June 23, 2016.
An email newsletter to distribute news and information about web
design and development.
++ISSUE 51 CONTENTS.
SECTION ONE: New references.
What’s new at the Web Design Reference site?
New links in these categories:
02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
05: EVALUATION & TESTING.
08: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.
13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
++ SECTION ONE: New references.
I Didn’t Care about Accessibility. Now I’ll start.
By Lasse Diercks.
“Accessibility is not a feature, it’s a requirement…”
1.2.4 Captions (Live)
By Rakesh Paladugula.
“Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized
media. (Level AA) Intention of 1.2.4 Captions (Live) Captions are text
versions of the audio content, synchronized with the video.”
Accessibility as Performance
By Estelle Weyl.
“…even if your site does load quickly but is not accessible, it will
result in your visitors being unhappy, potentially losing them as
potential customer for life…”
“The factsheets provide detailed information on accessibility issues,
impact on the end user together with a detailed checklist or test plan
that can be used by content managers or developers to review website
content and functionality and guidance on the use of automated testing
tools. They can be read online, downloaded and printed by following
these category links.”
How to Make Websites User Friendly and Accessible for Everybody
By Ruth Mendez.
“…In order to make a website accessible to a wide audience, the
design must be done in a way that makes it readable and usable to
Accessibility is Everyone’s Job: a Role-Based Model for Teams
By Mark Palmer.
“In this post, Mark helps us unpack how each role can contribute to
making something that works for everyone…”
Forbin Report: WCAG 2.0 FAQs (Video)
By VGM Forbin.
“Christina Throndson and Rob Duryea address business owners’ most
frequently asked questions about the Web Content Accessibility
Guidelines enforced by the Department of Justice as they pertain to
privately-held companies in healthcare, financial and more.”
Two Months Later: Audio Players Still Have No Volume Control
By Deborah Edwards-Onoro.
“…Sadly, nothing has changed in the past two months…”
E*Trade Digital Accessibility Settlement Agreement
By The Office of Lainey Feingold.
“…This is a settlement agreement between E*Trade and two blind
customers. The agreement is about E*Trade’s website, mobile
applications and online trading platform. E*Trade has agreed to make
these services accessible and usable for disabled customers. This
agreement was reached in Structured Negotiation. No lawsuit was
needed. Lainey Feingold and Linda Dardarian are the lawyers who worked
with the bank on this effort. The blind customers are Victor Tsaran
and Pratik Patel.”
Settlement Agreement Between the United States of America and the City
of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
“…all existing web content and online services for conformance with,
at minimum, WCAG 2.0 AA, by: (1) performing automated accessibility
tests of its website and all online services, using an automated tool
approved by the United States, to identify any accessibility barriers;
and (2) enlisting individuals with different disabilities, including
at a minimum individuals who are blind, deaf, and have physical
disabilities (such as those limiting the ability to use a mouse), to
test its pages for ease of use and accessibility barriers…”
+02: CASCADING STYLE SHEETS.
CSS Generated Content Module Level 3 (Accessibility Section)
W3C Working Draft, 2 June 2016
Editors: Elika J. Etemad and Dave Cramer.
“…Content intended for visual media sometimes needs alternative text
for speech output. The ‘content’ property thus accepts alternative
text to be specified after a slash (‘/’) after the last
<content-list>. If such alternative text is provided, it must be used
for speech output instead…”
Leveling Up in CSS
By Jonathan Z. White.
“…There are four things you can do to stay sane while using CSS at
scale: use proper semantics, modularize, adopt a naming convention,
and follow the single responsibility principle…You should be able to
read HTML and CSS like a book. It should tell a story. A story has
characters and relationships between them. More semantic CSS will
ultimately make your code more maintainable…”
Thinking about Page Floats, Figures, Regions and Grids
By Rachel Andrew.
“A few days ago my friend Jen Simmons pointed me to some images
demonstrating the goals of the CSS Figures specification, asking if
this could be built using Grid…”
In Plain Sight: Text, Contrast, and Accessibility
By Ryan Frederick.
“Contrast is one of the basic elements of graphic design. It lets us
tell things apart. Yet in UI design, at least for the web, there is a
perpetual temptation to skimp. Things tend towards gray-on-gray.”
Colour Contrast – Why Does it Matter?
By Richard Morton.
“Colour contrast between text and background is important on web
pages. It affects some people’s ability to perceive the information
(in other words to be able to receive the information visually)….”
Improving UX For Color-Blind Users
By Adam Silver.
“…In this article I provide 13 tips to improve the experience for
color-blind people – something which can often benefit people with
normal vision too…”
Building an Accessibility Toolbar with Drupal
By Michelle Williamson.
“In November 2015, a team from Mediacurrent participated in
Knowbility’s accessibility hackathon. One of the features we created
for the site was an accessibility toolbar. We were able to increase
the accessibility of the site immensely with relatively little effort
with this small addition…”
+05: EVALUATION & TESTING.
Setting Standards for Usability Testing
By Danny and Patricia Franzreb.
“Many practical user experience projects rely on very loose processes,
which are not explicitly defined. That might be ok for an informal
usability test, but we should have a more reliable approach for larger
UX projects. Just imagine how people would react if the automotive
industry created cars without having repeatable and robust standards
within the industry as a whole! Our digital experiences deserve just
as much attention…”
Why 5 is the Magic Number for UX Usability Testing
By Ellie Martin.
“Given that the probability of a user encountering an error during
testing is 31%, according to Jeff Sauro of MeasuringU, testing just 5
users would turn up 85% of the problems in an interface…31% binomial
probability shows that once you add more than 5 users to a test group,
returns diminish drastically-the more users you add to a test group,
the less you’ll learn.”
6 Week Course
Web Accessibility: What Do You Need to Know?
June 29, 2016.
Mountain View, California, U.S.A.
Oklahoma ABLE Tech 2016 Technology Accessibility OK Conference
September 8, 2016.
Norman, Oklahoma, U.S.A.
New York City UX Conference
September 10-16, 2016.
New York, New York, U.S.A.
From The Front
September 15-16, 2016.
Mobility and Modern Web Conference
September 14-16, 2016.
Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
September 17-18, 2016.
Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Accessibility Camp Bay Area
October 29, 2016.
San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
Editors: Steve Faulkner, Arron Eicholz, Travis Leithead, and Alex Danilo.
“This specification defines the 5th major version, first minor
revision of the core language of the World Wide Web: the Hypertext
Markup Language (HTML). In this version, new features continue to be
introduced to help Web application authors, new elements continue to
be introduced based on research into prevailing authoring practices,
and special attention continues to be given to defining clear
conformance criteria for user agents in an effort to improve
Using the Title Attribute to Help Users Predict Where They Are Going
By Jakob Nielsen.
“The link title attribute can be used to provide additional details
for mouse users, but should not be relied on as a main source of
+08: INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE.
Card Sorting a Kitchen Taxonomy
By Grace G. Lau.
“…Part 4 of ‘Taxonomy of Spices and Pantries’ looks at how card
sorting studies can inform a taxonomy…”
Building Better Accessibility Primitives
By Rob Dodson.
“As the sites we build increasingly become more app-like it’s
important that the platform keep up and give component authors the
tools they need to build rich accessible experiences…”
A Gentle Explanation of the ‘this’ Keyword
By Dmitri Pavlutin.
“A lot of time this keyword was a mystery for me and many starting
efforts to be understood…”
The Future of the Web
By Matt Griffin.
“Is the web’s way forward to be defined by a bunch of renegade
may not be so bad to let web authors kludge together the things they’d
like to build, and follow where their mistakes lead us.”
Help One of Our Own: Carolyn Wood
By A List Apart Staff.
“Selfless editor and colleague Carolyn Wood has run into a medical
emergency and needs the community’s help. Over the years, she has
given us immense gifts without ever asking for anything in return.
Let’s pull together and give back.”
Auditing Your Apps for Accessibility (Video)
“Making your app accessible helps you reach all of your potential
users. Get introduced to the new Accessibility Inspector and learn how
it streamlines finding and fixing accessibility issues across all
Apple platforms. Go beyond the basics with our experts as they guide
you through the process of optimizing accessibility for your app…”
We Reward the Wrong Things
By Adrian Roselli.
“As an industry, in general we praise sites that look good, maybe with
nifty animations, cool hover effects, and the mythical 60fps golden
Time to Reclaim the Brand
By Gerry McGovern.
“Branding has long been hijacked by the very worst forms of
traditional marketing. Branding has often become visual design
propaganda inventing a fiction that rarely has anything to do with the
actual customer experience.”
10 Reasons Why Placeholders are Problematic
By Adam Silver.
“…It pretty much comes down to the fact that the valuable
information put in placeholders is not always available. And what is
worse, is when they are used as a replacement for labels. Here’s
Prospect Theory and Loss Aversion: How Users Make Decisions
By Aurora Bedford.
“When choosing among several alternatives, people avoid losses, and
optimize for sure wins because the pain of losing is greater than the
satisfaction of an equivalent gain.”
[Section one ends.]
++ SECTION TWO:
+13: What Can You Find at the Web Design Reference Site?
Cascading Style Sheets Information.
Evaluation & Testing Information.
Information Architecture Information.
Miscellaneous Web Information.
Sites & Blogs Listing.
Standards, Guidelines & Pattern Information.
[Section two ends.]
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Until next time,
Laura L. Carlson
Information Technology Systems and Services
University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN U.S.A. 55812-3009
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